Pedagogy is the theory and practice of education, and how this influences the growth of learners/students. Pedagogy, taken as an academic discipline, is the study of how knowledge and skills are exchanged in an educational context, and it considers the interactions that take place during learning.
As we know that Education is a dynamic process. In this there is interaction between teacher and learner, and the whole interaction is oriented toward an goal. Teachers and learners are benefited and influenced by each other’s personality on the basis of pedagogy, and this effect is clearly oriented towards a particular direction. With the changing times, the entire educational cycle is dynamic. In what direction is its speed getting? Who is affected? This direction is aimed at pedagogy.
If you want to prepare Pedagogy related MCQs for Job Test then we are publishing important Pedagogy MCQs. On ZulWeb, You will Find the Complete Pedagogy MCQs for NTS, FPSC, PPSC ,SPSC, KPPSC, CSS, PMS and Educators Test Preparation. So, let start;
Educational System in Pakistan Pedagogy MCQs
1. Major strength of ecological theory is its framework for explaining
(a) Environmental influences on development.
(b) Biological influences on development.
(c) Cognitive development.
(d) Effective processes in development.
2. All of the following advanced principles of child development that are closely allied to the stimulus response learning theory, except
(b) J B Waston
3. The process whereby the genetic factors limit an individuals responsiveness to the environment is known as
(d) Range of reaction.
4. In order to develop the spirit of labour in students
(a) The teacher himself should indulge in labour
(b) The teacher should deliver lectures on the importance of labour
(c) Students should be given opportunities to do labour from time to time
(d) Students should be given examples of laboring people
5. A child has been admitted to your school who belongs to a back ward
family/background from the cultural viewpoint. You will
(a) Keep him in a class in which, there are many more students of backward
background from the cultural viewpoint
(b) Send a teacher to know more about the backward cultural background of the child
(c) Keep him in a normal class but will make special arrangements for teaching him, keeping his special needs in view
(d) Advise him to take up vocational education
6. All of the following can be signs that a child is gifted, except
(a) Early development of a sense of time
(b) Interest in encyclopedias and dictionaries
(c) Uneasy relationships with peers.
(d) Easy retention of facts
7. If heredity is an important determinant of a specific behaviour, what prediction can
we make about expression of the behaviour in identical twins reared apart compared to
its expression in fraternal twins reared apart?
(a) Fraternal twins will express the behaviour more similarly than identical twins.
(b) There will be little similarity in the expression of the behaviour in either set of twins.
(c) Identical twins will express the behaviour more similarly than fraternal twins.
(d) The behaviour will be expressed as similarly by identical twins as it is by fraternal
8. Frobel’s most important contribution to education was his development of the
(a) Vocational school
(b) Public high school
(d) Latin School
9. Of the following, the main purpose of state certification of teachers is to
(a) Monitor the quality of teacher training institutions
(b) Provide for a uniform standard of entry-level teacher competency throughout the state
(c) Exclude from the profession those not trained in pedagogy
(d) Exclude from the profession those who are mentally unhealthy
10. The key difference between evolutionary and cultural change is that evolutionary change alters __________ whereas cultural change alters ____________.
(a) Reproduction; environment
(b) Heredity; environment
(c) Environment; behavior
(d) Development; learning
11. The current view of childhood assumes that
(a) Children are similar to adults in most ways.
(b) Children are best treated as young adults.
(c) Childhood is basically a waiting period.
(d) Childhood is a unique period of growth and change.
12. In preparing a fifth grade class to take a standardized reading test the teacher is best advised to:
(a) Tell the children the test is very important and they should do the best they can
(b) Ditto key questions from a previous test and allow the pupils to answer them
(c) Coach the below grade level readers, as the rest of the class will do well anyway
(d) Give the pupils practice in answering questions similar to the type that will appear on the test
13. A normal child of twelve years of age is most likely to
(a) Have difficulty with gross motor coordination
(b) Have feelings of anxiety about pleasing adults
(c) Confine his/her interests to here and now
(d) Be eager for peer approval
14. Creative writing should be an activity planned for
(a) Only those children reading on grade level
(b) Only those children who can spell and also, can write cohesive sentences
(c) Only those children who want to write for the newspaper of the class
(d) All children
15. Of the following, the most promising step for a teacher to take in order to improve class discipline is to
(a) Note specific infractions of class rules in the marking book
(b) Evaluate his/her materials, methods and approaches to children
(c) Consult the class and agree upon a graduated series of punishments
(d) Call a parent – teacher meeting to discuss the situation
16. The question Will the shy child who never speaks turn into a quiet, shy adult or will the child become a sociable, talkative person? is concerned with which developmental issue?
(b) Continuity and discontinuity
(c) Cultural universals versus cultural relativism
(d) Nature and nurture
17. A child from a disorganized home will experience the greatest difficulty with:
(a) Well structured lessons
(b) Independent study
(c) Programmed instruction
18. Most psychologists believe that development is due
(a) Largely to nature.
(b) Largely to nurture.
(c) To nature and nurture acting separately.
(d) To an interaction of nature and nurture.
19. The normal twelve –year –old child is most likely to:
(a) Have difficulty with gross motor coordination
(b) Have anxiety feelings about pleasing adults
(c) Confine his/her interests to the here and now
(d) Be eager for peer approval
20. The reason why students run from school is
(a) Lack of interesting class teaching work
(b) Lack of interest in studies on the part of students
(c) Not giving punishment to students
(d) Callous attitude of teachers towards the problem
21. You find a student to be intelligent. You will
(a) Remain pleased with him
(b) Not give him additional homework
(c) Motivate him so that he can make more progress
(d) Inform his parents about the fact that he is intelligent
22. If some students are not in a mood to study in the class, you will
(a) Force them to study
(b) Tell those students to leave the class and enjoy
(c) Warn them that they must study else you will report the matter to the Principal
(d) Tell them some interesting things related to their interests or your own subject
23. Child development is defined as a field of study that
(a) Examines change in human abilities.
(b) Seeks to explain behaviour across the life span.
(c) Compares children to adults to senior citizens.
(d) Accounts for the gradual evolution of the child’s cognitive, social, and other
24. The term identical elements is closely associated with:
(a) Group instruction
(b) Transfer of learning
(c) Jealousy between twins
(d) Similar test questions
25. Organismic theories of development hold that
(a) Psychological structures and processes within the child help determine his/her development.
(b) Physical structures and processes within the child help determine his/her
(c) Passively developed structures and processes within the child help determine
(d) Slowly developed structures and processes within the child help determine his/her
26. A Person believes that nurture strongly influences the development of his child. He would not agree with the importance of:
(a) Genetic factors.
(b) Exposure to peers.
(c) The types of toys at home.
(d) The warmth displayed by the parents.
27. If student is too shy to participate in the class, you will
(a) Not ask questions from him
(b) Ask only those questions from him whose answers can be given by him
(c) Not ask those questions from him whose answers are beyond his means and due to
which, he may become objects of ridicule in the class
(d) Ask questions from him only when he is keen to answer them
28. How will you bring a hyperactive child on the right path?
(a) Make him sit in front of the class and keep a strict vigil on him
(b) Allocate a seat for him in a corner of the class
(c) Give him tasks of watering trees, cleaning the blackboard, making toys of clay etc.
(d) None of above
29. Knowledge of child psychology is a must for a primary teacher. That is because
(a) It helps in making children disciplined
(b) The examination result is improved
(c) It becomes a convenient mode for motivating children
(d) It helps the teacher in understanding the behavior of children
30. The current movement of behavior modification, wherein tokens are awarded for correct responses, is a reflection of:
(a) Herbart’s Five Steps
(b) Lock’s Tabula rasa
(c) Thorndike’s Law of Effect
(d) Thorndike’s Law of Exercise
More Information about Educational System in Pakistan
- First Educational Conference of Pakistan held in Karachi from 27 Nov to 1 Dec
- Education Minister during first educational conference was Mr. Fazlul Rehman
- First Educational conference decided to promote Two nation theory, Urdu
Language and to establish an Inter University Board
- General Ayub Khan government establish a 11 members national educational
commission on 30 Dec 1958
- S.M Shareef was Chairmain of this commission. This commission started its work
fro Jan 1959. Mr.Sharif was a Secretary of education
- Sharif Commission presented his report to President in Aug 1959 consisting of
- According to Sharif Commission report School educational year was consist of 40
weeks with 2 month summer, 10 days winter and 14 days spring vacations
- University Educational Year consists of 36 weeks
- Noor Khan Report was another National Education Policy by Yahya Govt in 1970.
- University Grants Commission was established according to this policy.
- Zulifqar Bhutto announce a National Education Policy on 29 March 1972.
- According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972, all private institutions
were nationalized on 1 october 1972.
- First Peoples Open University established in Islamabad According to National
Education Policy on 29 March 1972.
- National Research Fellowship was established According to National Education
Policy on 29 March 1972
- NSC was established According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972.
- Zia Ul Haq Govt issued National Education Policy 1978
- Islamiat, Pak Studies, Arabic were mad compulsory subjects in National Education
- National Educational Council was established in National Education Policy 1978.
- National Centre was established for science according to National Education Policy
- National Technical Teachers Training College established in National Education
- In Muradabad 1859 First School was established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan
- MAO High School Ali Garh 1875 established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan
- MAO college Ali Garh 1877 established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan which
was inaugurated by Lord Milton.
- This college became university in 1920
- Mr. Sidens was first its principal
- All India Mohammadan Educational Conference established by Sir. Syed
Ahmad Khan in 1886
- Scientific Society in 1866 established by Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan
- Dar-ul-Deoband established by Molana Qasim Nanotavi in 30 May 1866 in
- Molna M. Mehmmod was first its teacher.
- Following are pre independence educational reports and commissions
- Charles Grants Treatise issued in 1792. Charles was a British Parliament
- Lord Minto ( Governor General of Subcontinent) Report issued in 1811
- Lord Macaulay Report 1835
- Wood dispatch report 1854. Charles wood was president of board of control
- Hunter Commission 1882. William hunter was a minister of Lord Rippen
- Indian Universities Comission 1902
- Sadler Commission 1919. Michal Sadler was VC of Leads university
- Hartog Committee report 1929.
- The constitution of 1973, article 25 gives right of education to every citizen
- Nazira Qur’an will be introduced as a compulsory component from grade IVIII
- The current literacy rate of about 39% will be raised to 55% during the first
five years of the policy and 70% by the year 2010
- About 90% of the children in the age group (5-9) will be enrolled in schools
by year 2002-03
- Gross enrollment ratio at primary level will be increased to 105% by year
2010 and Compulsory Primary Education Act will be promulgated and enforced in a
- One model secondary school will be set up at each district level
- The participation rate will be increased from 31% to 48% by 2002-03 in
- Computers shall be introduced in secondary schools in a phased manner.
- The total expenditure of the government on education will be raised from its
present level of 2.2% to 4% of GNP by the year 2002-03
- The District Education Authority will be established in each district
- The Academy of Educational Planning and Management (AEPAM) shall be
strengthened and tuned up to meet the emerging demands of MES and its obligations
at national and provincial levels
- A School Census Day shall be fixed for collecting data from all over the
- There shall be regulatory bodies at the national and provincial levels to
regulate activities and smooth functioning of privately-managed schools and
institutions of higher education through proper rules and regulations.
- School, college and university libraries shall be equipped with the latest
reading materials/services. Internet connection with computer shall be given to each
library. Mobile library services for semi-urban and remote rural areas shall be introduced.
- Access to higher education shall be expanded to at least 5% of the age group
17-23 by the year 2010.
- A new cadre of teacher educators shall be created.