Learn tech blogging with ZulWeb. ZulWeb covers tech, IoT, blockchain, social media, web, blogging, tutorials, lifestyle, money, travel, health, and fitness.

Research Techniques in Education (Pedagogy MCQs)


Pedagogy is the theory and practice of education, and how this influences the growth of learners/students. Pedagogy, taken as an academic discipline, is the study of how knowledge and skills are exchanged in an educational context, and it considers the interactions that take place during learning.

As we know that Education is a dynamic process. In this there is interaction between teacher and learner, and the whole interaction is oriented toward an goal. Teachers and learners are benefited and influenced by each other’s personality on the basis of pedagogy, and this effect is clearly oriented towards a particular direction. With the changing times, the entire educational cycle is dynamic. In what direction is its speed getting? Who is affected? This direction is aimed at pedagogy.

If you want to prepare Pedagogy MCQs for Trained Graduate Teachers (TGT) Job Test then we are publishing important Pedagogy MCQs. On ZulWeb, You will Find the Complete Pedagogy MCQs for NTS, FPSC, PPSC ,SPSC, KPPSC, CSS, PMS and Educators Test Preparation. So, let start;

Research Techniques in Education (Pedagogy MCQs)

1.The main purpose of research in education is to _________
a) Help in the personal growth of an individual
b) Help the candidate become an eminent educationist
c) Increase job prospects of an individual
d) Increase social status of an individual

2. _______ refers to inferring about the whole population based on the observations made on a small part.
a) Deductive inference
b) Inductive inference
c) Pseudo-inference
d) Objective inference

3. Sampling is advantageous as it ________
a) Helps in capital-saving
b) Saves time
c) Increases accuracy
d) Both (a) and (b)

Sampling is the method of drawing a certain number of the individuals from a
particular set.

4. Random sampling is helpful as it is __________.
a) An economical method of data collection
b) Free from personal biases
c) Reasonably accurate
d) All the above

In random sampling, each member of the set has equal chance of selection.

5. Tippit table refers to ____________
a) Table of random digits
b) Table used in sampling methods
c) Table used in statistical investigations
d) All the above

This table was first published by L.H.C Tippett in 1927.

6. Type-I Error occurs if ___________________
a) the null hypothesis is rejected even though it is true
b) the null hypothesis is accepted even though it is false
c) both the null hypothesis as well as alternative hypothesis are rejected
d) None of the above

Type-I Error is also known as an error of the first kind.

7. _________ is a preferred sampling method for the population with finite size.
a) Area sampling
b) Cluster sampling
c) Purposive sampling
d) Systematic sampling

Random selection is done in systematic sampling.

8. Research and Development become the index of development of country. Which of the following reasons are true with regards to this statement?
a) Because R&D reflect the true economic and social conditions prevailing in a country
b) Because R&D targets the human development
c) Because R&D can improve the standard of living of the people in a country
d) All the above

9. The data of research is ______
a) Qualitative only
b) Quantitative only
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) Neither (a) nor (b)

Qualitative data deals with descriptive data and quantitative data deals with numbers.

10. The longitudinal approach of research deals with _________.
a) Horizontal researches
b) Long-term researches
c) Short-term researches
d) None of the above

12. Dramaturgical interviewing is carried out through ________
a) Case study
b) Debating
c) Role playing
d) Sampling

13. The word ‘Anusandhan’ implies _________
a) Attaining an aim
b) Goal Orientation
c) Following an aim
d) Praying to achieve an aim

14. Survey research studies _________
a) Circumstances
b) Events
c) Populations
d) Processes

Questionnaires and interviews are the types of surveys.

15.Evaluation research is concerned with ___________
a) How well are we doing?
b) What are we doing?
c) Why are we doing?
d) None of the above

Evaluation research make sure whether the objectives are met or not.

16. Action research is a type of _______
a) Applied research
b) Quantity research
c) Survey research
d) Population research

Applied research is used to solve practical problems.

17. Hypothesis relates ________
a) Constant to variables
b) Constant to constant
c) Variables to constant
d) Variables to variables

Variables are required for further data processing.

18. In the purposive method of sampling design, items are selected according to ___________
a) Law of certainty
b) Law of probability
c) Personal judgement
d) None of the above

Purposive sampling is a type of non-probability sampling technique.

19. Primary data for the research process be collected through _______.
a) Experiment
b) Survey
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of the above

Original data is collected through primary research.

20. A researcher wants to study the relationship of family size to income. He
classifies his population into different income slabs and then takes a random
sample from each slab in order. Which technique of sampling is he working with?
a) Cluster sampling
b) Random sampling
c) Stratified random sampling
d) Systematic sampling

In stratified random sampling technique, the population is divided into small groups.

21. A research problem is not feasible if __________________
a) It consists of independent and dependent variables
b) It has utility and relevance
c) It is new and adds something to knowledge
d) It is researchable

Independent variable stands alone and dependent variable depends on other factors.

22. Determining the relationship between two or more variables occurs in _____________ .
a) Corelational research
b) Action research
c) Naturalistic observation
d) Survey research

When the variables go in the same direction then it is known as positive correlation
and when the variables go in different directions it is known as negative correlation.

23. Participant observation is the process of immersing yourself in the study of ______ .

a) Outcomes
b) Methods
c) People
d) Options

Different types of participant observations are non-participatory, passive participation, moderate participation, active participation, and complete participation.

23. ‘Ethnography’ describes _______ .
a) Culture
b) Way of life
c) Progeny
d) Both (a) and (b)

24. The least important thing to do in teaching is _______ .
a) Drawing sketches and diagrams on the blackboard
b) Lecturing in interesting way
c) Ensuring discipline in the class
d) Punishing the students

Punishing unwanted behaviour can be justified as it is necessary for the teacher to prevent the students from wrongdoing.

25. For a teacher, which is the most important skill to possess?
a) Covering the prescribed course
b) Ensuring that the students are relaxed while teaching
c) Making students understand what the teacher explains
d) Being regular

26. Which of the following is the biggest barrier to communication in a classroom?
a) Confusion on the part of the teacher
b) Lack of teaching aids
c) Outside disturbance
d) Noise in the classroom

27. How is the competency of a teacher judged?
a) Length of association with a school
b) Meeting the needs of students
c) Personality
d) Books published

28. What is the most important challenge before a teacher?
a) Maintaining discipline in the classroom
b) Getting assignments finished
c) Making teaching-learning enjoyable
d) Checking question papers

29. _______ is not required for an effective communication
a) Appropriate gestures
b) Speech modulation
c) Charming personality
d) Good knowledge of the content

30. Who is an effective communicator?
a) The one who is a humorous speaker
b) The one with histrionic talents
c) The one who is clear with what he says
d) The one who can speak in many languages

31. What is required in a classroom?
a) A teacher delivering his lecture according to the textbook and research
b) A teacher delivering his lecture on the basis of textbook contents and standard books
c) Teacher effectively answering the questions asked by students
d) Teacher who is disciplined and take attendance regularly