On March 8 commemorates Day of Women and International Women’s Day. This day was institutionalized by the UN in 1975, with which the claims of women for equal opportunities regarding men were made official.
Women’s rights form the basis for the nineteenth-century women’s rights movement and 20th-century feminist movements. Such rights are institutionalized or assisted in some countries by statute, local custom, and behavior. Whilst they are neglected and silenced in others. In alleging an implicit historical and cultural prejudice against the exercise of rights in women and girls in favor of men and boys, they depart from broader conceptions of human rights.
Why is it commemorated on March 8?
According to the UN, the main objective of the commemoration of International Women’s Day is the search for equality and non-discrimination towards women. Although it initially began as a female workers’ struggle, it has historically expanded its causes.
What is the story of March 8?
The choice of date and its history are traced until the 19th century. According to the most likely explanation, on March 8, 1857, in the middle of the industrial revolution, thousands of women with the slogan “Bread and Roses” took to the streets of New York to protest the precarious work, as well as to demand a cut of the days and the cessation of child exploitation. This generated a first symbolic date.
Subsequently, in 1909, more than 15,000 women from the socialist party returned to take the streets of New York to demand the reduction of working hours, increased wages and the right to vote.
A year later, in 1910, the Socialist International proclaimed International Women’s Day. The proposal was made in Denmark by the German socialist Luise Zietz. Although on that occasion no date was set, on March 19, 1911, Women’s Day was celebrated in Germany, Denmark, Austria, and Switzerland. On that day, various political acts were held to demand equal social participation of men and women.
Among the demands that were demanded, there was the right to female voting, to work, to hold public office, to study and to non-discrimination.
The dead women of March 8
A few days later, on March 25, 146 workers of Jewish and Italian origin died in the Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire in New York. This event had several repercussions on US labor legislation. Subsequently, this tragedy was claimed during the commemorations of International Women’s Day, which is why it is sometimes erroneously cited on March 8 as the date of the fire.
Why is March 8 International Women’s Day?
In Russia, International Women’s Day was celebrated for the first time on the last Sunday of February 1913. In 1917, after the October Revolution, and in reaction to the mass death of Russian soldiers, Alexandra Kolontái began the strike under the motto “Bread and Peace”. This movement began on the last Sunday of February of the Julian calendar, which is equivalent to March 8 of the Gregorian calendar.
After the fall of the Tsarist regime, women gained more rights with the government of the Soviet Union. International Women’s Day became an official holiday and mandatory rest in the communist era. It was then that the expansion of his commemoration to other countries of the world began.
Women’s Day in Pakistan
Pakistan is a Muslim country and Pakistani peoples beleive on Islamic ideology where people not only take pride in adhering strictly to Islamic ideals but are prepared to sacrifice all they hold dear to Islam’s glory and sanctity. Islam has given women a highly revered position in society. Islam is respecting women’s rights and freedoms in society.
In Pakistan, Women’s Day began to be celebrated in 2018. In Pakistan, people celebrated women’s day unofficially. Pakistan is an Islamic country and Islam has provided all rights to the women. Some feminist and liberal peoples and NGOs want to imposed the Western culture and agenda on Pakistani peoples. But 80-90% of Pakistani peoples are not celebrated Womens day.